Marta San Luciano, MD, University of California San Francisco Medical Center, CA, discusses the latest in the field of noninvasive neuromodulation strategies for the treatment of dystonia. Noninvasive stimulation techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation are attractive therapeutic options. Still, investigations are in early stages, and so far, there has been limited success in achieving sustained benefits for patients. Ablation-based techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound, are also gaining traction for dystonia treatment. This interview took place during the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) 2021 Annual Meeting.
Dr San Luciano reports the following disclosures: research grant support from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIH/NINDS) and from the Smart Family, and funds for consulting from Boston Scientific (in 2019).