Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is common in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD), and poses a risk of injury to patients and their bed partners. Ambra Stefani, MD, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria, and her team, carried out a Phase II study using systematic video analysis to assess the efficacy of nelotanserin, a selective 5-HT2A inverse agonist, for the symptomatic treatment of RBD. The video analysis utilized a point system which enabled classification of each movement and vocalization, assessing severity, type, and duration. The nelotanserin-treated group and the placebo group showed no difference in RBD behaviors during video analysis. Still, from this study, a novel video analysis method was developed which quantitatively assesses muscle movements during sleep. This interview took place during the European Academy of Neurology 2021 congress.